Kwanzaa is a celebration of family, community, and culture. The seven-day long holiday was created to bring together the African-American community. Kwanzaa reflects on, "The best of African thought and practice in its reaffirmation of the dignity of the human person in community and culture, the well-being of family and community, the integrity of the environment and our kinship with it, and the rich resource and meaning of a people's culture" (Karenga, 2008). Each day emphasizes a different principle, consisting of unity, self-determination, collective work and responsibility, cooperative economics, purpose, creativity, and faith (Riley, 1995).


Holiday SongsEdit



Karenga, Maulana. (2008). Summarized from Kwanzaa: A Celebration of Family, Community and Culture. Los Angeles: University of Sankore Press. from Retrieved from

Riley, D. W. (1995). 'The Complete Kwanzaa Celebrating Our Cultural Harvest. Excerpt retrieved from

Further ReadingEdit


James E. Riley, MT-BC